The vision for Ewelme is: To protect the rural environment and retain the quietness and tranquillity of Ewelme as a Small Village (NEEDS DEFINING) for this and future generations of village residents while retaining and developing those facilities that make the village an attractive place to live.
In addition to providing a general development plan for the parish, this vision translates into a framework of key objectives for the ENP to deliver:A Cherished Local Environment •to define the term “built-up areas” for the Ewelme Neighbourhood Plan to reflect the current extent of the village to guide acceptable limited infill development• to retain the rural character of the parish • to sustain the historic character of the AONB •to protect important green spaces from development
Valued Community Facilities
• to protect existing community facilities from unnecessary loss and to encourage their ongoing development and viability as valuable community assets
Land Use Planning Policies
ENP need to address planning policy and engage the community to address: • How can new infill housing in Ewelme be contained in the village? • What are the most important characteristics of the village that new housing should respect? • What community facilities would be on the list of those to be protected from a change of use? • Which spaces meet the criteria for designation as Local Green Spaces? Land use policies are used to determine planning applications made for development proposals. They can establish the principles for retaining or changing the use of land in settlements and in the countryside out the conditions against which development proposals will be judged in terms of their design, access etc.The Plan should avoid repeating existing national or local planning policies. Any proposed policies therefore should focus on a relatively small number of key development issues in the area. For all other planning matters, the national and local policies of other planning documents – the National Planning Policy Framework and the saved and forthcoming policies of the SODC – will continue to be used.
Proposed Policies of the Plan.
Policy 1: A Spatial Plan for the Parish Proposals for limited infill development inside the Village’s built-up areas will be supported, provided they:i.are in keeping with the character of the local dwellings and landscapes ii.ii. are proportionate in scale to existing buildings in the close vicinityDevelopment proposals on land outside the Village’s built-up areas will be resisted unless they are in accordance with other development plan policies managing development in the countryside. This policy will define the term “built-up areas” for the purpose of enabling limited infill development and resisting other development outside of the built-up areasThe built-up areas are defined as a group of existing non-agricultural buildings of a permanent nature and their immediate surroundings. They therefore do not include: i.individual buildings and groups of dispersed or intermittent buildings that are clearly detached from the continuous built-up areas of the settlement; ii.ii. gardens, paddocks and other undeveloped land in the curtilage of buildings on the edge of the settlement where they provide a transition between the surrounding countryside and the built-up areas of the settlement; iii.agricultural buildings and associated land on the edge of the settlement; iv.outdoor sports and recreation facilities and other formal open spaces on the edge of the settlement. Proposals for development beyond the built-up areas will need to conform to relevant Policies on landscape (NEEDS DEFINING). Longworth has two separate and distinct built-up areas, namely: i.the main built-up area around the centre of Ewelme village; and ii.ii. the separate built-up area around the 11 roads wholly enclosed within RAF Benson The policy defines “limited infill” as follows: - developments to be allowed only within the built-up areas on available sites that fall between existing houses - design must be in keeping with the majority of properties in the immediate area - developments must retain appropriate road frontage to substantiate the proposed development and also with access direct from an existing adopted/adoptable road - Provision for off road parking for at least two vehicles per property is desirable for all developments to avoid congestion - Development must consist of no more than one of the following on any single site: o 2 detached homes o 1 pair of semi-detached home and 1 detached home o 1 terrace of up to 3 homes Policy 2: Design Within the Village’s built-up areas, the scale, density, massing, height, landscape design, layout and materials of all development proposals, including alterations to existing buildings, will be required to sustain and enhance the distinctive character of each part of Ewelme village and its setting. Development proposals outside the village’s built up areas that are considered acceptable in principle in land use terms by other national and development plan policies should have special regard to the setting, amenity and character of any nearby dwellings and, wherever possible, should contribute to local distinctiveness; should be of an appropriate scale and massing to reflect and enhance the surroundings; and should protect and enhance nature conservation, water courses, wildlife habitats, trees and landscape character.This policy requires all development proposals to deliver high quality schemes that reflect the distinct character of the AONB, (NEEDS IDENTIFICATION) within which most of the village lies. Those proposals elsewhere within the built-up areas must also have regard to its setting if they are located in such a way that their impact will have significance for the character of the Area. Proposals beyond its setting should reflect the wider landscape character of the parish. Applicants will be expected to consider the description of each character area in the development, justification and presentation of their proposals. This policy complements the SODC policies, Design & Local Distinctiveness and Historic Environment as it requires all new development to respect the character, identity and context of the district’s villages and countryside and helps to create places where people want to live, work and visit. (NEEDS CLARIFICATION)Policy 3: Community Facilities Proposals that will result in the unnecessary loss of a community facility, as listed below, will be resisted unless it can be clearly demonstrated that the use of the building and ancillary land is no longer viable or that the use can be satisfactorily re-located for the ongoing benefit of the local community: i.Ewelme Primary School and field ii.Ewelme Pre Schooliii.Ewelme Village Hall iv.St Mary’s Church v.The Shepherd’s Hutvi.The Watercress Beds Hall
Proposals to improve the viability of an established community use of the buildings and ancillary land by way of its extension or partial redevelopment will be supported, provided the design of the scheme and the resulting increase in use are appropriate in design terms and will not harm the amenities of adjoining residential properties.The policy must firstly seek to protect a specific number of community assets from unnecessary loss, in line with the SODC policies (NEED CLARIFICATION) that support the retention of existing community facilities and public houses if their viability can be demonstrated. They comprise a range of buildings and associated land, all of which may be capable of being extended or redeveloped in ways that are suitable to a rural locationThe policy supports development proposals intended to secure the long term benefit of a range of facilities that are important to the local community. In some cases, remaining viable will require investment in updating and/or increasing the size of the facility to support new uses. However, the policy requires that proposals avoid increasing the use of community facilities to the extent that they may harm the amenities of adjoining residential properties, for example through traffic movements, on-street car parking and noise or light pollution.Policy 4:Local Green Spaces The Neighbourhood Plan designates Local Green Spaces in the following locations, (NEEDS EVIDENCE and CARTOGRAPHY)i.The Commonii. Cow Common (PLUS OTHERS?)Proposals for development on the land that will undermine its essential character openness and permanence will be resisted unless very special circumstances can be demonstrated. Development which would enhance its use but remain ancillary to its function as LGS would be considered. This policy proposes a number of important green spaces in the parish to be protected from development by the designation as Local Green Spaces in accordance with the NP.In each case, the green spaces are an integral part of the village character and are therefore regarded as special to the local community. The ENP Local Green Spaces study (NEEDS EVIDENCE) sets out the case for each site to be designated. Once designated, the policy will resist all proposals for development unless it can be clearly demonstrated they are minor, they are required utilities development. Owners of both spaces (NEEDS CLARITY) need to be contacted and permission obtained to include these sites as protected local green spaces in the Ewelme Neighbourhood Plan. Non-Land Use Proposals The Neighbourhood Plan can only contain land use policies that can be used by the SODC to determine planning applications. However, the Plan may identify proposals that relate to other planning matters that are not directly related to planning applications, for example infrastructure projects and travel and transport which will be identified as a special project for a sub-committee.